Scaffolding is the support needed to assist the student in achieving their learning goals. scaffolding is a set the tools the educator has available. when the student encounters difficultly scaffolding tools fall into four basic categories metacognitive procedural strategic and conceptual metacognitive scaffolds direct the learner to review and assess what they already know procedural scaffolds direct the learner with tools like flow chart site maps even complex graphical representations strategic. scaffolds provide the learner alternative ways to approach a given task conceptual. scaffolds direct the trainer in deciding what to consider mental processing utilization is diminished when the student cannot see a way out to the problem the scaffold can be used to illuminate the path for the student.